Employment in Israel

Quitting your job: What are your rights and obligations?

If you are not happy with your job or you have found a better one, it may be time to quit your current job and move on. Israel is a small country and almost everyone is connected in some way, so it’s important to leave in a professional way and on the best terms possible. 

Make sure that you give proper notice according to the law. Israeli employment law states that an employee who has received a monthly salary in an organization for up to one year must give notice as follows: one day for each of the first 6 months of employment and two and a half days for each additional month of employment. If you have been working at the same company for over a year, you must give one month’s notice. 

An hourly or daily worker who has worked up to one year must give notice of one day per month of employment. A worker of 1-2 years needs to give notice of 14 days plus one day for each two months of work in the second year, with a cap of 20 days. A worker of 2-3 years gives notice of 21 days plus a day for each two months worked during the third year. After 3 years, the notice period is a month.

If your contract says that you must let your employer know that you are resigning earlier than the legal requirement, you can still give notice according to the law and no legal action can be taken against you. Of course, this might anger your employer, so consider whether you want to do this.

You will work as usual during the notice period and receive your regular salary. You and your employer have the right to agree mutually to shorten the notice period, but it can’t be forced on either of you. If you have vacation days saved up, you can use them during your notice period, unless your employer needs your services and insists that you work. 

You will want to let your senior bosses know in person that you are leaving before you write an official resignation letter. They will almost certainly ask why you are quitting. This is not necessarily the time to tell them every single thing you hate about working at their company. You can give one or two reasons that are true but not accusatory. Or you can simply say that you have found a better opportunity or want to change directions in your career. Mention some of the things you enjoyed or learned at the company to soften the blow and leave a positive impression.

Work out your notice in the best way you can. If the company has already hired a replacement, train the new employee to make the transition as smooth as possible. 

Once you have left, beware your instinct to badmouth your previous employer in public or on social media. Your comments may very well get back to your bosses and leave a bad taste in their mouths. Remember that you may need a recommendation from them someday or that they may be asked about you in the future by potential employers. Israel is, after all, a very small country.